The full form of COPD is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a common lung disease. There are two kinds of COPD.
- In emphysema, there is a burning sensation in the alveoli or small air pupils. Over time the air pupils become hard and do not allow oxygen inside and carbon dioxide out of the blood.
- In long-term bronchitis, large and small airways are swollen and filled with mucus. Mucus can obstruct the air passage and cause difficulty in breathing.
Many people with COPD have both forms. This disease develops in a few years. Treatment can reduce these symptoms and prevent the disease from getting worse.
Causes of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
The major causes of COPD are:
- Reducing in a polluted environment where you inhale large amounts of dust, steam, smoke or gases through inhalation.
- indirect smoking
Symptoms of COPD are:
- Coughs with and without mucus
- sore throat
- Shortness of breath which can worsen with functioning.
- chest tightness
These symptoms can be so severe that they affect your daily activities.
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Care of you
Your doctor will do a medical examination and ask for the following tests:
- Doctor a pulmonary function test to see to what extent your lungs are functioning properly.
- chest X-ray
- CT scan
- blood test
The damage done to your lungs by COPD cannot be cured and there is no cure. With the help of your health care team, you can manage to slow the progression of this disease.
To manage your Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease:
- be active
- Quit smoking.
- Maintain weight at a healthy range.
- Take a balanced diet.
- Drink lots of liquids.
- Control stress.
- Take oni medicines like inhalers, steroids, and antibiotics as per doctor’s instructions.
- If the doctor has given instructions, then take oxygen therapy at home.
- To learn about COPD, participate in the lung rehabilitation program, and exercise to improve your health.
- Get a flu vaccine every year and talk to a doctor to get a pneumonia vaccine.
- If you have a cold or other infection in your nose or lungs, seek immediate treatment.
Ask your health care team about your questions and concerns.