Coronary artery bypass surgery:- Coronary artery bypass surgery is also known as bypass surgery or open-heart surgery. This is done to maintain blood flow by bypassing blocked blood vessels in the heart. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. During a bypass surgery, a portion of the blood vessel called a graft is removed from the leg, arm, or chest, and is blocked by the aortic and cardiac blood. Is applied on either side of the vessel. Coy flows into blocked blood vessels. If multiple vessels are blocked, more than one can be bypassed.
This surgery takes 4 to 6 hours. After surgery, you will stay in the recovery room for at least 2 hours before meeting your family. You will stay upstairs for 4 to 6 days.
To prepare at home
- Pre-surgery tests such as chest X-rays, electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) and blood tests can be done.
- Stop smoking at least 2 days before surgery.
- Your deep breathing and coughing will be taught. Practice this before your surgery.
- Do not eat anything after midnight before the surgery and do not drink anything with water.
- Before your surgery, you may be asked to take a shower with a special soap called CHG. This soap can be given to you or you will have to buy a 4-ounce or larger bottle of 4% CHG from a pharmacy. A common brand name of this soap is Hibiklenge. It may be that the low-priced brand is found in the store. Ask the drug dealer where it can be found in the store. Often it is kept with first aid supplies. You must bathe with CHG soap at the following times:
- Days Before Surgery
- Morning time on surgery
Follow your doctor or nurse’s instructions on how to use CHG soap or ask for a “prepare your skin for surgery”, handout.
- You will wear a hospital gown.
- Medicine will be given to give you rest.
- An iv (intravenous) will be placed in your arm vein
During Coronary artery bypass surgery
- The doctor will give you medicines to make you sleep.
- A windpipe will be inserted into your mouth. This tube will be connected to a machine that will help you breathe during surgery.
- The doctor will make a hole in the middle of your chest Your chest bone will be cut and your rib will be opened to see your heart.
- During surgery, a machine manages blood in your body.
- A blood vessel called nirop is produced from your feet, arms and chari. One end of the wound is sewn with blood vessels over the block. The second end is sewn with blood vessels under the block.
- Your chest bone is connected back to the tar. The incision is closed with strings and staples.
You are taken to the intensive care unit for 12 to 24 hours where you:
- A windpipe is applied for a few hours.
- Tubes are placed to drain the fluid surrounding your heart.
- A catheter is placed in your bladder for urination.
- IV will be installed to provide fluid and medicines.
This tube will be removed 1 to 2 days after the surgery. The nursing staff will check you again and again.
Then you will be sent to the hospital room. You may be given oxygen and heart monitors for a few days. It is important that when you are awake, you breathe deeply and cough every hour. The staff will initially help you get up and running. You will be taught to take care of yourself at home.
Take care of yourself at home after Coronary artery bypass surgery
- It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks to feel better.
- You may have pain and pain which affects your appetite, sleep, and activities.
- Rest between activities.
- It is normal to feel depressed or stressed. In that case, talk to your doctor if you feel worse or it persists for more than 2 weeks.
- Do not drive or go to work until your doctor tells you that it is safe for you to do so.
During the first 6 weeks of surgery to help heal your chest bone:
- 10 lbs or 4.5 kg. Do not lift excess weight A gallon of milk weighs about 8 pounds.
- When people help you to walk, do not let them pull or push their arms.
- Do not raise your hands towards the back or over the head.
- While getting up or sitting from the bed or chair, keep your arm close to your side.
- When you feel a soreness in the chest bone, do not do any activity.
- Avoid tedious activities like vacuuming or gardening until your doctor calls it safe.
- You can lean forward to things like bandaging shoes.
- You can do light household chores like cooking or brushing.
Call your doctor immediately if:
- Your incision is swollen or opened.
- Have an increase in your secretions.
- You have a fever or shivering.
To help prevent blockage:
- Do not smoke.
- Eat healthy food.
- Exercise daily.
- Take your medicine as ordered.
- Get treatment for diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol.
If you have any questions or concerns, talk to your doctor or nurse.