Heart artery disease or Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is also called heart disease or atherosclerosis. This disease is caused by the formation of fatty deposits called lavank in the blood vessels of the heart.
Oxygen and nutrients should be available for the heart to function well. Through blood vessels called arteries, blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the heart. When plaque collects in blood vessels when the blood flow to the heart muscle decreases. When the blood flow is reduced, it may cause chest pain, breathlessness, or some other symptoms.
Symptoms of heart artery disease
You may not have any symptoms or you may have the following symptoms:
- Pain or pressure in your chest, arms, jaw, shoulders, or neck, also known as angina. It can spread from one place to another.
- If you feel stiffness, heaviness, pressure, or burning sensation then you may have heart artery disease.
- to sweat
- Shortness of breath
- nausea or vomiting
- stomach pain
- Extreme fatigue, dizziness, or weakness
If you see any of these symptoms, then call 911.
You are at a higher risk of getting the heart-artery disease if:
- In the past, this disease has happened to a member of your family.
- If You have high cholesterol, diabetes, or high blood pressure.
- If You smoke or use tobacco.
- You are passive.
- You are overweight.
Changing only one risk factor can improve your heart health. You can prevent this disease from growing and can even help to improve it.
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Care of you
If you think of your doctor you have heart artery disease then you can get these tests done such as:
- Electrocardiogram (Isseji or Ikeji) to check the electrical activity of your heart.
- To take pictures for the purpose that your heart is working well. Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Testing |
- Obstruction test to find out about your heart rate, rhythm, or electrical hyperactivity problems. Symptoms like blood pressure and breathlessness or angina are also checked.
- Echocardiogram examination to see the size and shape of your heart and to see how well it is working.
- Chest X-ray to check your heart, blood vessels, and lungs.
- Blood tests to check your blood fat, cholesterol, sugar, and protein levels.
If the tests reveal that you may have heart disease, then other tests or procedures can be done to treat this disease. The goal is to improve the flow of blood towards the muscles of your heart and reduce the risk of a heart attack. Treatment includes:
- work out
- a low-fat diet
- Procedures or surgery
- cardiac treatment program
No matter what kind of care is taken, it does not get rid of the disease. You have to change your risk factors and follow your care plan.
If you have any questions or concerns, talk to your doctor or nurse.