Pneumonia: Causes ,Care, Symptoms and Signs


Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs that is often caused by bacteria or viruses. When pneumonia occurs, small airbags in the lungs are filled with fluid. This fluid blocks the airbags and the body does not get oxygen from the lungs.

It can be caused by air, viruses, or chemicals. It does not spread from one to the other.


  • Breathing fast or having trouble breathing.
  • Feeling in the chest while breathing or coughing.
  • Cuff yellow, green, or reddish-brown.
  • Fever is 101 F or 37.
  • Tremble or cold.
  • Sweating.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Feeling very tired.
  • Spoiled due to cold or fever.


Many germs can cause pneumonia. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. Your body usually prevents these germs from infecting your lungs. But sometimes these germs can overpower your immune system, even if your health is generally good.

it is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where you got the infection.

Community-acquired pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia is the most common type of pneumonia. It occurs outside of hospitals or other health care facilities. It may be caused by:

  • The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the U.S. is Streptococcus pneumonia. This type of pneumonia can occur on its own or after you’ve had a cold or the flu. It may affect one part (lobe) of the lung, a condition called lobar pneumonia.
  • Bacteria-like organisms. Mycoplasma pneumonia also can cause pneumonia. It typically produces milder symptoms than do other types of pneumonia. Walking pneumonia is an informal name given to this type of that infection, which typically isn’t severe enough to require bed rest.
  • This type of pneumonia is most common in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune systems, and in people who have inhaled large doses of the organisms. The fungi that cause it can be found in soil or bird droppings and vary depending upon geographic location.
  • Viruses, including COVID-19. Some of the viruses that cause colds and the flu can cause pneumonia. Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children younger than 5 years. Viral pneumonia is usually mild. But in some cases, it can become very serious. Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) may cause pneumonia, which can become severe.

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Some people catch that infection during a hospital stay for another illness. Hospital-acquired pneumonia can be serious because the bacteria causing it may be more resistant to antibiotics and because the people who get it are already sick. People who are on breathing machines (ventilators), often used in intensive care units, are at higher risk of this type of that infection.


Your lungs will be examined. You will have to do a chest X-ray and give a sample of your phlegm to check (sputum) the virus germ.

  • You can be given a pill or a drink. Take the pill as recommended. Keep taking them till the medicine, even if you are cured.
  • You may be given medication to reduce chest or cough. Take medicine as advised by the doctor.
  • Oxygen can also be given in your treatment.
  • You may be asked to cough and take deep breaths after every 2 hours to collect phlegm.
  • Apply the paper to the mouth at a particular time and throw away the paper with phlegm. Not the phlegm. To avoid germs, wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Relax him.
  • Drink 8 glasses or more of water every day.
  • Eat diet.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Even after feeling better, you met your doctor within 7 days.

This prevents others from spreading

To prevent spreading to others:

  • Stay away from people as much as possible to prevent the spread of that infection.
  • Wash hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer with alcohol.
  • After touching your eyes, nose, or face, avoid touching any other surface. This can spread germs. Keep surfaces clean to eliminate germs
  • To eliminate germs, wash clothes in warm water.

If you have any of these problems, you should see your doctor immediately:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • In case of high fever or fever for more than 1 or 2 days.
  • When confused.
  • Increased chest pain.
  • On nausea or vomiting.

Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

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